MS Swaminathan: Father of India’s Green Revolution dies at 98

Eminent Indian agricultural scientist M.S. Swaminathan, who played a vital role in India's Green Revolution, breathed his last on Thursday (September 28) at the age of 98.

Father of India's Green Revolution MS Swaminathan. Photo Courtesy:

Hailed as the "Father of Economic Ecology" by the United Nations Environment Programme, Swaminathan's trailblazing contributions in the 1960s and 1970s brought about a revolution in Indian agriculture.

This transformation averted widespread famine and led India to attain self-sufficiency in food production.

His pioneering initiatives included the development and introduction of high-yield varieties of wheat and rice, leading to a substantial increase in food grain production throughout India.

Meanwhile, Prime Minister Narendra Modi expressed deep sorrow following his demise. While mourning his passing, Modi acknowledged that during a crucial juncture in the nation’s history, Swaminathan's groundbreaking work in agriculture positively impacted the lives of millions and guaranteed food security for India.

On social media platform X, Modi wrote: "Beyond his revolutionary contributions to agriculture, Dr. Swaminathan was a powerhouse of innovation and a nurturing mentor to many. His unwavering commitment to research and mentorship has left an indelible mark on countless scientists and innovators."

His innovative approach to agriculture, which fused modern scientific techniques with a profound understanding of local conditions and requirements, not only uplifted the lives of numerous low-income farmers but also played a significant role in the nation's economic advancement.

In recognition of his monumental contributions, Swaminathan was honoured with the inaugural World Food Prize in 1987.

Swaminathan is survived by his wife, Mina, and their three daughters: Soumya, Madhura, and Nitya.