China pegs lowest economic targets in decades

China announced one of its lowest economic growth targets in years, kicking off meetings of its rubber-stamp parliament set to hand Xi Jinping a third term as president as well as approve an increase in defence spending.

China pegs lowest economic targets in decades.
China pegs lowest economic targets in decades. Photo courtesy: Canva

In an opening report, the Chinese government said it would aim for economic growth of "around five percent" for the coming year – one of its lowest in decades, AFP reported.

China posted just three per cent growth last year, missing its stated target of around 5.5 per cent by a wide margin as the economy strained under the impact of strict COVID containment policies and a real estate crisis.

"Under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee, we carried out COVID-19 response and pursued economic and social development in an effective and well-coordinated way," the government report, delivered by outgoing Premier Li Keqiang at the opening of the National People's Congress Sunday, said.

"Overcoming great difficulties and challenges, we succeeded in maintaining overall stable economic performance," it added.

There will be few surprises at the carefully choreographed National People's Congress, analysts say, with thousands of politicians flown in from across China to vote on laws and personnel changes pre-approved by the ruling Communist Party (CCP).

Top of the NPC's agenda will be Friday's norm-busting reappointment of Xi as president, after he locked in another five years as head of the party and the military — the two more significant leadership positions in Chinese politics — in an October congress.

Since then, the 69-year-old Xi's leadership has faced unexpected challenges and scrutiny, with mass protests over his zero-COVID policy and its subsequent abandonment that saw a deadly coronavirus surge.

But those issues are almost certain to be avoided at this week's Beijing conclave, which will also see the unveiling of a Xi confidant and former Shanghai party chief as the new premier. 

No challengers Xi enjoys a "pretty strong" position at the top of the party that makes him virtually unchallengeable, Alfred Muluan Wu, an associate professor at the National University of Singapore's Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, told AFP.

Steve Tsang, director of the SOAS China Institute at the University of London, said Xi now had an opportunity to flaunt his response to the pressure created by last year's unrest.

"He acted decisively when the protests included calls for him and the CCP to step down. He quashed them and removed the basic cause," he told AFP. "He can present himself as leading from the front, rather than being pushed to react." 

Also on the cards for lawmakers will be China's slowing economy, as well as an increase in the defence budget, the second-largest in the world.

Delegates to the NPC – and to the concurrent "political consultative conference"(CPPCC) which began on Saturday – will also discuss a range of issues from the economic recovery to improved sex education in schools, according to state media reports.

The meetings serve as a forum for attendees to present pet projects, but they have little say in broader questions of how China is run.